Tajikistan is a mountainous, landlocked country in Central Asia with an area of 143,100 km2 (55,300 sq mi) and an estimated population of 9,275,828 people. It is bordered by Afganistan to the south, Uzbekistan to the west, Kyrgyzstan to the north, and China to the east. It lies mostly between latitudes 36° and 41° N, and longitudes 67° and 75° E. It is covered by mountains of the Pamir range, and more than fifty percent of the country is over 3,000 metres (9,800 ft) above sea level. The only major areas of lower land are in the north (part of the Fergana Valley), and in the southern Kofarnihon and Vakhsh river valleys, which form the Amu Darya.
Ismoili Somoni Peak (highest)
North-western edge of Gorno-Badakhshan (GBAO), south of the Kyrgyz border
Ibni Sino Peak (Lenin Peak)
Northern border in the Trans-Alay Range, north-east of Ismoili Somoni Peak
North of Ismoili Somoni Peak
Independence Peak (Revolution Peak)
Central Gorno-Badakhshan, south-east of Ismoili Somoni Peak
Academy of Sciences Range
North-western Gorno-Badakhshan, stretches in the north-south direction
Karl Marx Peak
GBAO, near the border to Afghanistan in the northern ridge of the Karakoram Range
Extreme south-west of GBAO, near the border to Afghanistan.
Southern border in the northern ridge of the Karakoram Range
Northern border in the Trans-Alay Range
The Amu Darya and Panj rivers mark the border with Afghanistan, and the glaciers in Tajikistan's mountains are the major source of runoff for the Aral Sea. The Fedchenko Glacier is a large glacier in the Pamir Mountains, of north-central GBAO province, Tajikistan. The glacier is long and narrow, currently extending for 77 kilometres (48 mi) and covering over 700 square kilometres (270 sq mi). It is the longest glacier in the world outside of the polar regions. The maximum thickness of the glacier is 1,000 metres (3,300 ft), and the volume of the Fedchenko and its dozens of tributaries is estimated at 144 cubic kilometres (35 cu mi)—about a third the volume of Lake Erie. There are over 900 rivers in Tajikistan longer than 10 kilometres. (Source: www.stat.tj, www. wikipedia.org)
NMA PHASE II
Name of project:
Nutrition in Mountain Agro-ecosystems Phase II
Grant Agreement # 01/19 NMA
Districts of Nurobod, Rasht, Tojikobod, Lakhsh
Sustainable agriculture practices to promote improved nutrition and resilience
Swiss agency for Development and Cooperation’s Global Program Food Security (GPFS)
The implementation consortium:
- IFOAM – Organics International
- Wageningen UR
- HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation– Besides being the national implementing agency in Nepal, Pakistan and Tajikistan, as part of its role in NMA Helvetas head office provides overall conceptual guidance (within the PSC), and supports in the design of the concept for the SUNSAI’s including the selection and coaching of SUNSAIs
Role of HELVETAS Tajikistan in NMA
- Know-how and networking: Integration of the project team and partners in the Mountain Agroecosystems Action network MAAN for knowledge and experience sharing, with an own country space for Tajikistan. Participating in knowledge-sharing events organized by NMA.
- Capacity building of local actors: Participation (of staff and partners) in regional training of trainers on nutrition sensitive agriculture and conducting national CDP that includes coaching of RSPs on designing NSA interventions at local level.
• Awareness raising and policy: Support in raising awareness for NSA and the benefits of nutritious diets among the target population. Support in promoting NSA at local and national policy levels, in collaboration with national stakeholders.
During implementation of the Nutrition in Mountain Agro-ecosystems Phase II in 2019 the HELVETAS Swiss Intercoopeartion in Tajikistan has signed an agreement with one main implementing local partner in Tajikistan, SAROB Cooperative. SAROB works based on the signed Grant Agreement # 01/19.
Nutrition continues to be a central health, economic and development challenge. In April 2016, the United Nations therefore proclaimed the Decade of Action on Nutrition (2016–2025). Action is particularly needed in in mountain regions, where a disproportionately high number of the world's chronically malnourished people reside. Nutrition in Mountain Agro-ecosystems (NMA) is a projectunderSDC’s Global Program Food Security (GPFS) operatingin five mountain ranges (Himalaya, Hindukush, Pamir-Tian Shan, East-African High land sand the Andes). It replicate sandup-scales nutrition sensitive agriculture (NSA) practices in mountain agroecosystems to promote improved nutrition and resilience driven by an action network of empowered rural service providers aiming at a broad impact at local, national and global levels. After successful completion of Phase I (06/2015 – 05/2018), theapproachshallbeconsolidatedandbroughttoscaleandachievesystemicchange in Phase II.
In the new phase, the project pays particular attention to ensure the sustainability of the capacities built among Rural Service Providers (RSPs) and the Mountain Agriculture Action Network (MAAN), expand to additional countries with in the selected mountain regions and facilitate cross-countrylearning, ensure that NSA interventions can be replicated and scaled, strengthen the food consumption aspect through awareness raising, and feed ist results in to national and global level policy work.
NMA enables that more men, women and childrenin mountain areas consume more diverse diets containing sufficient, safe and nutritious food.The consumption of more diverse diets throughout the year requires that nutritious food is a) locally produced, b)accessible to rural households (means of income), and c) it is actually consumed, which requires a certain level of awareness.
The overall objective of the Tajik Programme is:
- At the local level: А.1 Households increase production of nutritious foods and RSPs design and implement Micro-lnterventions. А.2: People value the benefits of nutritious foods in Tajikistan;
- At national level:National policies and action plans support and stimulate diversified production and consumption in Tajikistan;
- Contributionto Outcomes А and В in the other countries and to Outcome С (Advocacy for nutrition sensitive agriculture at the global level)
The following is the information about project progress within the period of 20/06/2019 – 31/07/2019
Develop and introduce MAAN: Know-how and networking
Establish Mountain Agroeco-systems Action network MAAN for knowledge and experience sharing at project target area
MAAN network for knowledge and experience sharing is created, however some technical challenges such as internet access and availability of equipment prevents the project to register RSPs in MAAN. Additionally, project workers are learning from Kirgiz colleagues how to register in MAAN correctly. As soon as challenges will be managed and learning process successfully finished, RSPs will be officially registered in MAAN and the project will inform about possibilities of the network, how to use it correctly, how to share experience, etc.
Select 30 RSPs and establish MAAN community around RSPs with 625 participants
On July 5, 2019 advertisement was announced at untj.orgto select RSPswith the purpose of delivering nutrition sensitive agriculture knowledge and practices to the project target groups. 37 applications were received (Rasht – 9, Nurobod – 6, Tojikobod– 9, Lakhsh–13. As a result of transparent selection process, 30 RSPs (25 main RSPs and 5 on reserve) were selected who will distribute knowledge among 747)households in the project target districts. RSPs represent different nutrition sectors, e.g. beekeeping, production of milk and milk products, animal breeding, plant growing, greenhouses, fruit and vegetable production, bread andgrain products, etc.
Introduce web/mobile network among RSPs and community
RSPs are formed and informed about web/mobile network. Through trainings and awareness raising, RSPs and communities will be trained about their use. However, this activity requires additional investment on internetaccess and tools/ equipmentto enable quality information sharing and experience exchange. Hence, investment on tools and internet is planned next year.
Capacity building of local actors
Conduct at least 6 webinars for the RSPs
Twowebinarswereconductedfor the RSPs on 8-12 June 2019 and 16-20 July 2019 about how to create network and what RSPs should do as part of their contribution.
Conduct at least 3 face to face meetings for introduction and promotion NMA through MAAN
The first face to face meeting for introduction and promotion of NMA through MAAN was conducted on July for selected RSPs where introductory project information was provided. In September conduction of 2 more facetofacemeetingsareplanned.
Develop curriculum for Capacity Development Program
Curriculum for Capacity Development Program is developed and further capacity building of RSPs will be based on it. It contains 15 topics including plant growing, animal growing and nutrition.
Awareness raising and policy
Publish 500 publication on benefits of nutritious diets and distribute among the target population
Currently NCC “SAROB” is developing around 100 publications on topics such as Agro-technology of growing vegetable crops, potatoes, cereal crops, etc., hygiene of milk and milk products, growing of animals and chickens, aviculture and beekeeping.
Select potential RSPs and develop small projects for the implementation of MI
In September among best and active RSPs development of small micro-projects are planned.
Result of the project presented on National or International forums, platforms
Current project was presented by the project staff at the Central Asian and the Caucasus Forum for Rural Advisory Services (CAC-FRAS) in Turkey on 22-26 July 2019, financed by Global Forum for Rural Advisory Services (GFRAS). Forum participants from different countries, including the President of GFRAS were interested to learn about developments of NMA and NSA in Tajikistan. Until end of 2019 SAROB plans to contribute to the establishment of TAJFRAS Forum in Tajikistan, where current project can also benefit in terms of network, awareness raising and information exchange.